2021 International Day of Clean Air for blue skies
Written by Plistina Almeida and Simon Welchman This years’ theme to celebrate the International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies is ‘Healthy Air, Healthy Planet”. As Katestone’s vision is Clear Skies for our clients and communities now and for future generations around the world, we thought we would delve into the real meaning…Read More
QLD’s EIS Generic Terms of Reference (ToR) amended to give more importance to Climate and Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Written by Plistina Almeida and Simon Welchman The American Meteorological Association defines Climate Change as any systematic change in the long-term statistics of climate elements sustained over several decades or longer. The most obvious evidence of Climate Change in the world is undoubtedly the global warming, which is led by an increase in the…Read More
Does the Ambient Air Quality NEPM Update apply to your application?
On 15 April 2021, the National Environment Protection Council (NEPC) approved the variation to the Ambient Air Quality National Environment Protection Measure (AAQ NEPM or Air NEPM) standards for ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2). The variation tightens standards that have been in place for 23 years. In 1998, the Air…Read More
When is odour sampling necessary or useful?
Written by Plistina Almeida and Simon Welchman People don’t realise that odour is a very common environmental concern that is the subject of much research and environmental regulation. Whilst odours are not normally harmful to health, they can have a significant negative impact on a community. Odour is inherent to some industries such…Read More
Are the zero emissions from electric vehicles really zero?
Written by Plistina Almeida and Simon Welchman In Australia, more than 55% of NOx and 12.9% of PM2.5 emissions to air that are caused by human activities are due to motor vehicle traffic. Higher concentrations of these pollutants tend to occur in the morning and evening because peak traffic volumes can coincide with times…Read More
Air Quality and Meteorological Monitoring Gaining Ground for Approvals
Written by Plistina Almeida and Simon Welchman Approvals and environmental licenses now routinely include conditions requiring periodic or ongoing air quality and meteorological monitoring. Air quality is commonly a key factor when it comes to the go-ahead of large developments in Australia. Typically, air quality impact assessment studies are used to assess proposed…Read More
How can strategic planning be used to avoid air quality impacts?
Written by Plistina Almeida and Simon Welchman A common misconception that can lead to intractable land-use conflicts is that air quality impacts do not occur beyond the boundary of a site. Whilst this may seem like a naive assertion to those with experience in air quality issues, it is common and may stem from…Read More
Pros and cons for air quality of waste-to-energy
Written by Plistina Almeida and Simon Welchman Waste-to-Energy (WtE/W2E) or Energy-from-Waste (EfW) facilities have faced historical resistance. The potential of WtE as an alternative energy source is gaining momentum including the recent introduction of the Energy from Waste Policy in NSW. W2E relies on a range of proven and emerging technologies that have…Read More
A Second Wave? An update on the Australian Air Quality after COVID-19 mobility restriction measures
Written by Simon Welchman, Manning Young and Plistina Almeida The COVID-19 pandemic is a global tragedy happening before our eyes. Its effects on human health and the economy are likely to be with us for years to come. We have seen through our analysis of air quality during the COVID-19 pandemic that the generally…Read More
Food for thought, manure to energy
How pig farms can benefit from on-farm anaerobic digestion to better manage odour Written by Plistina Almeida and Simon Welchman Anaerobic digestion is a great source of renewable energy that is becoming an important part of the “circular economy” around the world. Livestock farms face several everyday challenges. Managing wastes is definitely one of…Read More